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Brian G. Thomas's Publications

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Jonayat, A. and Brian G. Thomas, “Transient Thermo-Fluid Model of Meniscus Behavior and Slag Consumption in Steel Continuous Casting,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, in press, 2014.

Liu, R., B. G. Thomas, L. Kalra, T. Bhattacharya, and A. Dasgupta, "Slidegate Dithering Effects on Transient Flow and Mold Level Fluctuations," Iron and Steel Technology, 11:7, July, 2014. (reprinted from AISTech 2013 Proceedings, Pittsburgh, PA, May 6-8, 2013, Assoc. Iron Steel Technology, Warrendale, PA, pp. 1351-1364).

Liu, R., P. Vanka, and B.G. Thomas, “Particle Transport and Deposition in a Turbulent Square Duct Flow with an Imposed Magnetic Field,” J. Fluids Engineering, in press, 2014.

Mills, K.C., P.E. Ramirez Lopez, P. D. Lee, B. Santillana, B. G. Thomas, and R. Morales, “Looking into continuous casting mould,” Ironmaking & Steelmaking 05/2014; 41(4):242-249.

Cho, S.M., S.H. Kim, and B. G. Thomas, “Transient Fluid Flow during Steady Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs, Part II: Effect of Double-Ruler Electro-Magnetic Braking (EMBr),” ISIJ International, Vol. 54, No. 4, (April), 2014, pp. 855-864.

Cho, S.M., S.H. Kim, and B. G. Thomas, “Transient Fluid Flow during Steady Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs, Part I: Measurements and Modeling of Two-phase Flow," ISIJ International, Vol. 54, No. 4, (April), 2014, pp. 845-854.

Singh, R., B.G. Thomas, and S.P. Vanka, “Large Eddy Simulations of Double-Ruler Electromagnetic Field Effect on Transient Flow during Continuous Casting,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 2014, 45: 3, pp. 1098-1115. DOI: 10.1007/s11663-014-0022-2.

Thomas, B.G., Q. Yuan, S. Mahmood, R. Liu, and R. Chaudhary, “Transport and Entrapment of Particles in Steel Continuous Casting,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 45: 1, 22-35, 2014. DOI: 10.1007/s11663-013-9916-7.

Hibbeler, L.C., and B. G. Thomas, “Mold Slag Entrainment Mechanisms in Continuous Casting Molds,” Iron and Steel Technology, 10:10, 121-136, Oct., 2013. (reprinted from AISTech 2013 Proceedings, Pittsburgh, PA, May 6-8, 2013, Assoc. Iron Steel Technology, Warrendale, PA, pp. 1215-1230).

Hibbeler, L. C., M. M. Langeneckert, J. Iwasaki, I. Hwang, R. J. O'Malley, and B. G. Thomas, "Calibration of Thermal Models of Continuous Casting Molds," Iron and Steel Technology - AIST Transactions, 10:9, 199-210, (Sept.), 2013. (reprinted from AISTech 2012, Atlanta, GA, May 7-9, 2012, Assoc. Iron Steel Technology, Warrendale, PA, pp. 1291-1301).

Maldonado, Y. G., F. Andrés Acosta, A. H. Castillejos, and B. G. Thomas, “Kinetic Study of the Devitrification of Mold Powder Slags,” Iron and Steel Technology, 10:7, 65-75, (July), 2013. (reprinted from AISTech 2012, Atlanta, GA, May 7-9, 2012, Assoc. Iron Steel Technology, Warrendale, PA, 2012, pp. 1279-1290).

Zhou, L., W. Wanlin, R. Liu, and B.G. Thomas, “Computational Modeling of Temperature, Flow and Crystallization of Mold Slag during Double-Hot-Thermocouple-Technique Experiments,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 44: 5, pp. 1264-1279, 2013. DOI: 10.1007/s11663-013-9864-2

Singh, R., B.G. Thomas, and P. Vanka, "Effects of a Magnetic Field on Turbulent Flow in the Mold Region of a Steel Caster," Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 44: 5, pp. 1201-1221, 2013. DOI: 10.1007/s11663-013-9877-x

Zhou, X., B.G. Thomas, C.A. Hernández B., A.H. Castillejos E. and F.A. Acosta G., "Measuring heat transfer during spray cooling using controlled induction heating experiments and computational models," Applied Mathematical Modeling, 37, 3181-3192, 2013, DOI: 10.1016/j.apm.2012.07.039

Hernández-Bocanegra, C.A., J.I. Minchaca-Mojica, A.H. Castillejos E., F.A. Acosta-González, X. Zhou and B.G. Thomas, "Measurement of Heat Flux in Dense Air-Mist Cooling: Part II – The Influence of Mist Characteristics on Steady-State Heat Transfer," Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 44, 161-173, 2013, DOI: 10.1016/j.expthermflusci.2012.06.007

Hernández-Bocanegra, C.A., A.H. Castillejos E., F. A. Acosta-González, X. Zhou and B.G. Thomas, "Measurement of Heat Flux in Dense Air-Mist Cooling: Part I – A Novel Steady-State Technique," Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 44, 147-160, 2013, DOI: 10.1016/j.expthermflusci.2012.06.01

Hibbeler, L.C., B.G. Thomas, R. C. Schimmel, and G. Abbel, "The Thermal Distortion of a Funnel Mold," Metal. Mater. Trans. B., 43B: 5, 1156-1172, 2012, DOI: 10.1007/s11663-012-9696-5

Chaudhary, R., B.G. Thomas, and S.P. Vanka, “Effect of Electromagnetic Ruler Braking (EMBr) on Transient Turbulent Flow in Continuous Slab Casting using Large Eddy Simulations,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 2012, 43B: 3, 532-553, 2012, DOI: 10.1007/s11663-012-9634-6

Cho, S.-M., S.H. Kim, R. Chaudhary, B.G. Thomas, H.-J. Shin, W.-R. Choi and S.-K. Kim, "Effect of Nozzle Clogging on Surface Flow and Vortex Formation in the Continuous Casting Mold," Iron and Steel Technology, 9:7, 85-95, 2012, (reprinted from AISTech 2011, Indianapolis, IN, May 2-5, 2011, Assoc. Iron Steel Technology, Warrendale, PA).

Xu, K., and B. G. Thomas, “Particle-Size-Grouping Model of Precipitation Kinetics in Microalloyed Steels,” Metallurgical and Materials Trans. A, 43A, 1079-1096, 2012, DOI: 10.1007/s11661-011-0938-y

Chaudhary, R., S. P. Vanka, and B. G. Thomas, “Transient Turbulent Flow in a Liquid-Metal Model of Continuous Casting, Including Comparison of Six Different Methods,” Metallurgical and Materials Trans. B, 42B: 5, 987-1007, 2011, DOI: 10.1007/s11663-011-9526-1

Nakhodchi, S., B. G. Thomas, and D. J. Smith, “Modeling and Measurement of Residual Stresses in a Steel Vessel Containing Glass,” Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology, Transactions of the ASME, 133 (3), art. no. 031003, 2011.

Xu, K., B. G. Thomas, M. S. Dyer, J. G. Speer, and D. K. Matlock, “Model of Microalloy Precipitation during Continuous Casting and Reheating,” Iron and Steel Technology, 8:10 (Oct.) 59-68, 2011. (reprinted from AISTech 2011, Indianapolis, IN, May 2-5, 2011, Assoc. Iron Steel Technology, Warrendale, PA).

Chaudhary, R., A.F. Shinn, S.P. Vanka, and B. G. Thomas “Direct Numerical Simulations of Transverse and Spanwise Magnetic Field Effects on Turbulent Flow in a 2:1 Aspect Ratio Rectangular Duct,” Computers and Fluids, 51, pp. 100-114, 2011. DOI: 10.1016/j.compfluid.2011.08.002

Rowan, M. B. G. Thomas, C. Bernhard, and R. Pierer, “Measuring Mechanical Behavior of Steel During Solidification: Modeling the SSCC Test,” Metallurgical and Materials Trans. B, 42B: 4, 837-851, 2011. DOI: 10.1007/s11663-010-9470-5

Chaudhary, R., G.-G. Lee, B. G. Thomas, S.-M. Cho, S.-H. Kim, and O.-D. Kwon, “Effect of Stopper-Rod Misalignment on Fluid Flow in Continuous Casting of Steel," Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 42B:2, (Apr.), 300-315, 2011, DOI: 10.1007/s11663-011-9478-5

Xu, K., B.G. Thomas, and R.J. O’Malley, “Equilibrium Model of Precipitation in Microalloyed Steels," Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 42A:2, (Feb.) 524-539, 2011. DOI: 10.1007/s11661-010-0428-7

Petrus, B., K. Zheng, X. Zhou, B. G. Thomas, and J. Bentsman, “Real-Time Model-Based Spray-Cooling Control System for Steel Continuous Casting,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science, Vol. 42B (1), Feb., 87-103, 2011; DOI: 10.1007/s11663-010-9452-7

Hoa, B.A. and B.G. Thomas, “Application of Computational Model for Alumina Dissolution in Molten Slag,” J. Science Technology, Vietnam, V. 78A, pp. 59-63, 2010.

Koric, S., L. C. Hibbeler, R. Liu, and B. G. Thomas, “Multiphysics Model of Metal Solidification on the Continuum Level,” Numerical Heat Transfer, Part B: Fundamentals, 58: 6, 371-392, 2010; DOI: 10.1080/10407790.2011.540954

Koric, S., B.G. Thomas, and V. R. Voller, “Enhanced Latent Heat Method to Incorporate Superheat Effects Into Fixed-Grid Multiphysics Simulations,” Numerical Heat Transfer, Part B: Fundamentals, 57:6, 396-413, 2010. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10407790.2010.496657.

Chaudhary, R., S.P. Vanka, and B.G. Thomas, “Direct Numerical Simulations of Magnetic Field Effects on Turbulent Flow in a Square Duct,” Physics of Fluids, 22:7, (July) 075102, 2010. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3456724

Lee, G.G., B.G. Thomas, and S.-H. Kim, “Effect of Refractory Properties on Initial Bubble Formation in Continuous-casting Nozzles,” Metals and Materials International, S. Korea, Vol. 16(3), 2010, pp.501-506.

Thomas, B.G., “Industry Implementation of Mathematical Models: Examples in Steel Processing; Howe Memorial Lecture, 2009”, Iron and Steel Technology, 7:7, (July) 70-87, 2010. (reprinted from: AISTech 2009 Steelmaking Conference Proceedings, St. Louis, MO, May 4-7, 2009).

Hibbeler, L.C., S. Koric, K. Xu, B.G. Thomas, and C. Spangler, “Thermo-Mechanical Modeling of Beam Blank Casting”, Iron and Steel Technology, 6:7 (July), 2009, pp. 60-73. (reprinted from: AISTech 2008 Steelmaking Conference Proc., Pittsburgh, PA, May 5-8, 2008, Assoc. Iron Steel Tech., Warrendale, PA, Vol. 1, 2008).

Hibbeler, L. C., B. G. Thomas, B. Santillana, A. Hamoen, and A. Kamperman, “Longitudinal Face Crack Prediction with Thermo-Mechanical Models of Thin Slabs in Funnel Moulds,” Metallurgia Italiana, 6:2, 1-10, 2009.

Sengupta, J., C. Ojeda and B. G. Thomas, “Thermal-Mechanical Behaviour during Initial Solidification in Continuous Casting: Steel Grade Effects,” International Journal Cast Metals Research, 22:1-4, 8-14, 2009.

Lee, G. G, H.-J. Shin, S.-H. Kim, S.-K. Kim, W.-Y. Choi, and B .G. Thomas, “Prediction and Control of Subsurface Hooks in Continuous-cast Ultra-Low-Carbon Steel Slabs,” Ironmaking and Steelmaking, 36:1, 39-49, 2009.

Koric, S., L. C. Hibbeler, and B. G. Thomas, “Explicit Coupled Thermo-Mechanical Finite Element Model of Steel Solidification,” International Journal of Numerical Methods in Engineering, 78, 1-31, Mar. 2009.

Pfeiler, C., B. G. Thomas, A. Ludwig, and M. Wu, “Particle Entrapment in the Mushy Region of a Steel Continuous Caster,” Steel Research, 79:8, 599-607, Aug. 2008.

Cho, M. J., B. G. Thomas, and P. J. Lee, “3-D Numerical Study of Impinging Water Jets in Run out Table Cooling Processes,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 39B:4, 593-602, Aug. 2008.

Santillana, B., B. G. Thomas, L. C. Hibbeler, A. Hamoen, A. Kamperman, and W. van der Knoop, “Investigating Mold Heat Transfer In Thin Slab Casting With CON1D,” Iron and Steel Technology, 5:7, 51-63, July 2008, (reprinted from AISTech 2007, Steelmaking Conference Proc., May 7-10, Indianapolis, IN, AIST, Warrendale, PA, Vol. 1, 2007).

Santillana, B., L. C. Hibbeler, B. G. Thomas, A. Hamoen, A. Kamperman, and W. van der Knoop, “Investigating Heat Transfer In Funnel-Mould Casting With CON1D: Effect of Plate Thickness,” ISIJ International, 48:10, 1380-1388, 2008.

Chaudhary, R., G.-G. Lee, B. G. Thomas, and S.-H. Kim, “Transient Mold Fluid Flow with Well- and Mountain- Bottom Nozzles in Continuous Casting of Steel,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 39B:6, 870-884, Dec. 2008. DOI: 10.1007/s11663-008-9192-0.

Okelman, M. K., B. G. Thomas, and M. Powers, “Effect of Geometry on Void Formation in Commercial Electroplating of Thin Strips to Copper,” Surface and Coatings Technology, 202:17, 4153-4158, 2008.

Koric, S., and B. G. Thomas, “Thermo-mechanical Models of Steel Solidification Based on Two Elastic Visco-plastic Constitutive Laws,” Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 197:3, 408-418, Feb. 2008.

Cukierski, K., and B. G. Thomas, “Flow Control with Local Electromagnetic Braking in Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 39B:1, 94-107, Feb. 2008.

Lee, G. G, B .G. Thomas, H.-J. Shin, S.-K. Baek, C.-H. Choi, D.-S. Kim, S.-J. Yu, and S.-H. Kim, “Microstructure Near Corners of Continuous-cast Steel Slabs Showing Three-dimensional Frozen Meniscus and Hooks,” Acta Materialia, 55:20, 6705-6712, Dec. 2007.

Sengupta, J., B. G. Thomas, H. J. Shin, and S. H. Kim, “Mechanism of Hook Formation in Ultra-low Carbon Steels based on Microscopy Analysis and Thermal-stress Modeling,” Iron and Steel Technology, 4:7, 83-95, July 2007. (reprinted from AISTech 2006 Steelmaking Conference Proc., May 1-4, Cleveland, OH, AIST, Warrendale, PA, Vol. 1,903-914, 2006.)

Zhang, L., S. Yang, X. Wang, K. Cai, J. Li, X. Wan, and B. G. Thomas, “Investigation of Fluid Flow and Steel Cleanliness in the Continuous Casting Strand,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 38B:1, 63-83, Feb. 2007.

Thomas, B. G., Q. Yuan, B. Zhao, and S. P. Vanka, “Transient Fluid-Flow Phenomena in the Continuous Steel-Slab Casting Mold and Defect Formation,” JOMe, (Journal of Metals – electronic edition), December 2006, www.tms.org/jom.html (http://www.tms.org/pubs/journals/JOM/0612/Thomas/Thomas-0612.html)

Sengupta, J., and B. G. Thomas, “Visualization of Hook and Oscillation Mark Formation Mechanism in Ultra-Low Carbon Steel Slabs During Continuous Casting,” JOMe, (Journal of Metals – electronic edition), December 2006 www.tms.org/jom.html (http://www.tms.org/pubs/journals/JOM/0612/Sengupta/Sengupta-0612.html)

Thomas, B. G., and J. Sengupta, “Visualization of Defect Formation in Casting Processes,” Journal of Metals, 58:12, 16-18, December 2006, and also in: http://www.tms.org/pubs/journals/JOM/0612/

Shin, Ho-Jung, S. H. Kim, B. G. Thomas, G. G. Lee, J. M. Park, and J. Sengupta, “Measurement and Prediction of Lubrication, Powder Consumption, and Oscillation Mark Profiles in Ultra-low Carbon Steel Slabs,” ISIJ International, 46:11, 1635-1644, 2006.

Thomas, B. G., “Escoamento do aço líquido e remoção deinclusões não-metálicas,” (Removal of Nonmetallic Inclusions from Molten Steel), Metallurgia & Materials, Brazil, 573:62, 655-657, 2006.

Zhang, L., and B. G. Thomas, “State of the Art in the Control of Inclusions during Steel Ingot Casting,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 37:5, 733-761, Oct. 2006.

Thomas, B. G., “Modeling of Continuous-Casting Defects Related to Mold Fluid Flow,” Iron and Steel Technology (AIST Transactions, 3:5), 3:7, 128-143, July 2006.

Zhang, L., B. Rietow, B. G. Thomas, and K. Eakin, “Large Inclusions in Plain-Carbon Steel Ingots Cast by Bottom Teeming,” ISIJ International, 46:5, 670-679, 2006.

Zhang, L., J. Aoki, and B. G. Thomas, “Inclusion Removal by Bubble Flotation in a Continuous Casting Mold,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 37B:3, 361-379, June 2006.

Meng, Y. and B. G. Thomas, “Simulation of Microstructure and Behavior of Interfacial Mold Slag Layers in Continuous Casting of Steel,” ISIJ International, 46:5, 660-669, May 2006.

Koric, S. and B. G. Thomas, “Efficient Thermo-Mechanical Model for Solidification Processes,” Int. J. Num. Meths. Eng, Vol. 66:12, 1955-1989, June 2006.

Zhang, L., J. Zhi, F. Mei, L. Zhu, X. Jiang, J. Shen, J. Cui, K. Cai, and B. G. Thomas, “Basic Oxygen Furnace Based Steelmaking Processes and Cleanliness Control at Baosteel,” Ironmaking & Steelmaking, 33:2, 129-139, 2006.

Sengupta, J., B. G. Thomas, H. J. Shin, G. G. Lee, and S. H. Kim, “Mechanism of Hook Formation during Continuous Casting of Ultra-low Carbon Steel Slabs,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 37A:5, 1597-1611, May 2006.

Sengupta, J., H.-J. Shin, B. G. Thomas, and S.-H. Kim, “Micrograph Evidence of Meniscus Solidification and Sub-Surface Microstructure Evolution in Continuous-Cast Ultra-Low Carbon Steels,” Acta Materialia, 54:4, 1165-1173, February 2006.

Meng, Y., B. G. Thomas, A. A. Polycarpou, A. Prasad, and H. Henein, “Mold Slag Property Measurements to Characterize Continuous-Casting Mold – Shell Gap Phenomena,” Canadian Metallurgical Quarterly, 45:1, 79-94, 2006.

Shin, H.-J., G .G. Lee, W. Y. Choi, S. M. Kang, J. H. Park, S. H. Kim, and B. G. Thomas, “ Effect of Mold Oscillation on Powder Consumption and Hook Formation in Ultra Low Carbon Steel Slabs,” Iron & Steel Technology, 2:9, 56-69, Sept. 2005, (reprinted from AISTech, 2004, Nashville, TN, Sept. 15-17, 2004, Assoc. Iron Steel Technology, Warrendale, PA, pp. 1157-70).

Zhao, B., B. G. Thomas, S. P. Vanka, and R. J. O’Malley, “Transient Fluid Flow and Superheat Transport in Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B – Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science, 36B:12, 801-823, December 2005.

Zhao, B., B. G. Thomas, S. P. Vanka, and R. J. O’Malley, ”Transient Flow and Temperature Transport in Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs,” ASME Journal Heat Transfer, Vol. 127, 807, 2005.

Yuan, Q., B. Zhao, S. P. Vanka, and B. G. Thomas; “Study of Computational Issues in Simulation of Transient Flow in Continuous Casting,” Steel Research International, Special Issue: Simulation of Fluid Flow in Metallurgy, 76:1, 33-43, Jan., 2005.

Sengupta, J., B. G. Thomas, and M. A. Wells, “The Use of Water Cooling During the Continuous Casting of Steel and Aluminum Alloys,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A – Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science, 36A:1, 187-204, Jan., 2005.

Zhao, B., S. P. Vanka, and B. G. Thomas, “Numerical Study of Flow and Heat Transfer in a Molten Flux Layer,” Int. J. Heat and Fluid Flow, 26:1, 105-118, 2005.

Thomas, B. G., M. Jenkins, and R. B. Mahapatra "Investigation of Strand Surface Defects Using Mold Instrumentation and Modelling," Ironmaking & Steelmaking, 31, 485-494, 2004.

Yuan, Q., S. Sivaramakrishnan, S. P. Vanka, and B. G. Thomas, “Computational and Experimental Study of Turbulent Flow in a 0.4-Scale Water Model of a Continuous Steel Caster,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 35B:5, 967-982, 2004.

Li, C. and B. G. Thomas, “Thermo-Mechanical Finite-Element Model of Shell Behavior in Continuous Casting of Steel,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 35B:6, 1151-1172, 2004.

Yuan, Q., B. G. Thomas, and S. P. Vanka, “Study of Transient Flow and Particle Transport during Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs, Part 2. Particle Transport,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 35B:4, 703-714, 2004.

Yuan, Q., B. G. Thomas, and S. P. Vanka, “Study of Transient Flow and Particle Transport during Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs, Part 1. Fluid Flow,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 35B:4, 685-702, 2004.

Meng, Y. and B. G. Thomas, “Modeling Transient Slag-Layer Phenomena in the Shell/Mold Gap in Continuous Casting of Steel,” Metallurgical & Materials Transactions B, 34B:5, 707-725, 2003.

Meng, Y. and B. G. Thomas, “Heat-Transfer and Solidification Model of Continuous Slab Casting: CON1D,” Metallurgical & Materials Transactions B, 34B:5, 685-705, 2003.

Thomas, B. G., M. Langeneckert, L. Castellá, M. Dziuba, G. DiGresia, and W. Balante, “Optimization of Narrow Face Water Slot Design for the Siderar Slab Casting Mould,” Ironmaking and Steelmaking, 30:3, 235-239, 2003.

Li, Chunsheng and Thomas, B. G., “Thermo-Mechanical Finite-Element Model of Shell Behavior in the Continuous Casting of Steel,” Key Engineering Materials, Trans. Tech. Publications, Switzerland, Vols. 233-236, 827-834, 2003, (reprinted from Sixth Asia-Pacific Symposium on Engineering Plasticity and Its Applications, Sydney, NSW, Australia, Trans. Tech., 827-834, December 2-6, 2002).

Zhang, L. and B. G. Thomas, “State of the Art in Evaluation and Control of Steel Cleanliness,” ISIJ International, 43:3, 271-291, 2003.

Park, J. K, B. G. Thomas, and I. V. Samarasekera, “Analysis of Thermomechanical Behaviour in Billet Casting with Different Mold Corner Radii,” Ironmaking and Steelmaking, 29:5, 359-375, 2002.

Thomas, B. G., “Modeling of the Continuous Casting of Steel--Past, Present and Future,” Mettallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 33B, 795-812, 2002.

Thomas, B. G., Q. Yuan, S. Sivaramakrishnan, and S. P. Vanka, "Transient Fluid Flow in the Continuous Steel-slab Casting Mold", JOM-e, (Journal of Metals - electronic edition), 54:1, Jan. 2002, www.tms.org/jom.html (http://www.tms.org/pubs/journals/JOM/0201/Thomas/Thomas-0201.html).

Thomas, B. G. “Casting Process Simulation and Visualization: A JOM-e Perspective,” Journal of Metals, 54:1, 20-21, Jan. 2002; also in (http://www.tms.org/pubs/journals/JOM/0201/Thomas/Thomas-0201-commentary.html).

Park, J-K., B. G. Thomas, I. V. Samarasekera, and U. S. Yoon, “Thermal and Mechanical Behavior of Copper Moulds During Thin Slab Casting (II): Mould Crack Formation,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 33B, 437-449, 2002.

Park, J. K., B. G. Thomas, I. V. Samarasekera, and U. S. Yoon, “Thermal and Mechanical Behavior of Copper Moulds During Thin Slab Casting (I): Plant Trial and Mathematical Modelling,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 33B, 425-436, 2002.

Bernhard, C., B. G. Thomas, G. Xia, and C. Chimani, “Simulation of Solidification and Microstructure in Continuous Casting,” Berg- und Huettenmaennische Monatshefte, Jg. Heft. 9, 146, 376-385, 2001.

Thomas, B. G. and L. Zhang, “Review: Mathematical Modeling of Fluid Flow in Continuous Casting,” Iron Steel Institute Japan (ISIJ) International, 41:10, 1181-1193, 2001.

Bai, H. and B. G. Thomas, “Bubble Formation during Horizontal Gas Injection into Downward-Flowing Liquid,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 32B:6, 1143-1159, 2001.

Thomas, B. G., Q. Yuan, S. Sivaramakrishnan, T. Shi, S. P. Vanka, and M. B. Assar, “Comparison of Four Methods to Evaluate Fluid Velocities in a Continuous Slab Casting Mold,” Iron Steel Institute Japan (ISIJ) International, 41:10, 1262-1271, 2001.

Bai, H. and B. G. Thomas, “Effects of Clogging, Argon Injection, and Continuous Casting Conditions on Flow and Air Aspiration in Submerged Entry Nozzles,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 32B:4, 707-722, 2001.

Won, Y-M. and B. G. Thomas, “Simple Model of Microsegregation During Solidification of Steels,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 32A:7, 1755-1767, 2001.

Bai, H. and B. G. Thomas, “Turbulent Flow of Liquid Steel and Argon Bubbles in Slide-Gate Tundish Nozzles, Part II, Effect of Operation Conditions and Nozzle Design,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 32B:2, 269-284, 2001.

Bai, H. and B. G. Thomas, “Turbulent Flow of Liquid Steel and Argon Bubbles in Slide-Gate Tundish Nozzles, Part I, Model Development and Validation,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 32B:2, 253-267, 2001.

Li, G., B. G. Thomas, and J. F. Stubbins, “Modeling Creep and Fatigue of Copper Alloys,” Metallurgical and Materials Transaction A, 31A:10, 2491 – 2502, 2000.

Stone, D. T. and B. G. Thomas, “Measurement and Modeling of Heat Transfer Across Interfacial Mold Flux Layers,” Canadian Metallurgical Quarterly, 38:5, 363-375, 1999.

Miki, Y. and B. G. Thomas, “Modeling of Inclusion Removal in a Tundish,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 30B:4, 639-654, 1999.

Huang, X. and B. G. Thomas, “Modeling of Transient Flow Phenomena in Continuous Casting of Steel,” Canadian Metallurgical Quarterly, 37:3-4, 197-212, 1998.

Thomas, B. G., G. Li, A. Moitra, and D. Habing, “Analysis of Thermal and Mechanical Behavior of Copper Molds During Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs,” Iron and Steelmaker (ISS Transactions), 25:10, 125-143, 1998.

Miki, Y, Y. Shimada, B. G. Thomas, and A. Dennisov, “Model of Inclusion Removal During RH Degassing of Steel,” Iron and Steelmaker, 24;8, 31-38, 1997.

Thomas, B. G., "Modeling Study of Intermixing in Tundish and Strand during a Continuous-Casting Grade Transition," Iron and Steelmaker (ISS Transactions), 24:12, 83-96, 1997.

El-Bealy, M. and B. G. Thomas, "Prediction of Dendrite Arm Spacing for Low Alloy Steel Casting," Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, Communications, 27B:4, 689-693, 1996.

McDavid, R. and B. G. Thomas, "Flow and Thermal Behavior of the Top Surface Flux/Powder Layers in Continuous Casting Molds," Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 27B:4, 672-685, Aug. 1996.

Huang, X. and B. G. Thomas, "Intermixing Model of Continuous Casting During a Grade Transition," Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 27B:4, 617-632, Aug. 1996.

Li, G. and B. G. Thomas, "Transient Thermal Model of the Continuous Single-Wheel Thin-Strip Casting Process," Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 27B:3, 509-525, 1996.

Thomas, B. G., A. Moitra, and R. McDavid, "Simulation of Longitudinal Off-Corner Depressions in Continuously Cast Steel Slabs," Iron and Steelmaker (ISS Transactions), 23:4, 57-70, 1996.

Thomas, B. G. and B. Ho, "Spread Sheet Model of Continuous Casting," Journal of Engineering for Industry, 118:1, 37-44, 1996.

Watson, J. W., X. Huang, and B. G. Thomas, "Casting Dissimilar Steel Grades," Steel Technology International, Peter H. Scholes, ed., Sterling Publications Limited, London, UK, 1995/96, 167-170, 1995.

Watson, J. W., X. Huang, and B. G. Thomas, "A Steel Composition Model for Continuous Slab Casting During a Grade Transition," Iron and Steelmaker, 22:3, 61-65, 1995.

Najjar, F. M., B. G. Thomas, and D. E. Hershey, "Numerical Study of Steady Turbulent Flow through Bifurcated Nozzles in Continuous Casting," Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 26B:4, 749-765, 1995.

Thomas, B. G., "Issues in Thermal-Mechanical Modeling of Casting Processes," Journal of Iron and Steel Institute of Japan International, 35:6, 737-743, 1995.

Ridolfi, M. R., B. G. Thomas, G. Li, and U. Della Foglia, "The Optimization of Mold Taper for the Ilva-Dalmine Round Bloom Caster," La Revue de Metallurgie - CIT, 91:2, 609-620, 1994.

Thomas, B. G., X. Huang, and R. C. Sussman, "Simulation of Argon Gas Flow Effects in a Continuous Slab Caster," Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 25B:4, 527-547, 1994.

Huang, X. and B. G. Thomas, "Modeling of Steel Grade Transition in Continuous Slab Casting Processes," Metallurgical Transactions B, 24B:2, 379-393, 1993.

Hershey, D. E., B. G. Thomas, and F. M. Najjar, "Turbulent Flow through Bifurcated Nozzles," International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 17:1, 23-47, 1993.

Sussman, R. C., M. T. Burns, X. Huang, and B. G. Thomas, "Inclusion Particle Behavior in a Continuous Slab Casting Mold," Iron and Steelmaker, 20:2, 14-16, 1993.

Matway, R. J. and B. G. Thomas, "Review of the Research in Progress Session at the Spring Conference," Iron and Steelmaker, 19:6, 40, 1992.

Huang, X., B. G. Thomas, and F. M. Najjar, "Modeling Superheat Removal during Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs," Metallurgical Transactions B, 23B:3, 339-356, 1992.

Kozlowski, P. F., B. G. Thomas, J. Azzi, and H. Wang, "Simple Constitutive Equations for Steel at High Temperature," Metallurgical Transactions A, 23A:3, 903-918, 1992.

Thomas, B. G. and F. M. Najjar, "Finite Element Modelling of Turbulent Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer in Continuous Casting," Applied Mathematical Modeling, 15:5, 226-243, May 1991.

Voller, V. R., C. R. Swaminathan, and B. G. Thomas, "Fixed Grid Techniques for Phase Change Problems: A Review," International Journal of Numerical Methods in Engineering, 30:4, 875-898, 1990.

Yu, K. O., J. J. Beffel, M. Robinson, D. D. Goettsch, B. G. Thomas, D. Pinella, and R. G. Carlson, "Solidification Modeling of Single-Crystal Investment Castings," AFS Transactions, 98:53, 417-428, 1990.

Thomas, B. G., L. J. Mika, and F. M. Najjar, "Simulation of Fluid Flow Inside a Continuous Slab Casting Machine," Metallurgical Transactions B, 21B:2, 387-400, April 1990.

Thomas, B. G., "Application of Mathematical Models to the Continuous Slab Casting Mold," Iron and Steelmaker, 16:12, 53-66, 1989; also in ISS Transactions, Iron and Steel Society, Warrendale, PA, 11, 143-156, 1990.

Kelly, J. E., K. P. Michalek, T. G. O'Connor, B. G. Thomas, and J. A. Dantzig, "Initial Development of Thermal and Stress Fields in Continuously Cast Steel Billets," Metallurgical Transactions A, 19A:10, 2589-2602, Nov., 1988.

Thomas, B. G., I. V. Samarasekera, and J. K. Brimacombe, "Investigation of Panel Crack Formation in Steel Ingots, Part II: Off-Corner Panel Cracks," Metallurgical Transactions B, 19B:2, 289-301, April, 1988.

Thomas, B. G., I. V. Samarasekera, and J. K. Brimacombe, "Investigation of Panel Crack Formation in Steel Ingots, Part I: Mathematical Analysis and Mid-Face Panel Cracks," Metallurgical Transaction B, 19B:2, 277-287, April, 1988.

Thomas, B. G., I. V. Samarasekera, and J. K. Brimacombe, "Mathematical Model of the Thermal Processing of Steel Ingots, Part II: Stress Model," Metallurgical Transactions B, 18B:1, 131-147, March, 1987.

Thomas, B. G., I. V. Samarasekera, and J. K. Brimacombe, "Mathematical Model of the Thermal Processing of Steel Ingots, Part I: Heat Flow Model," Metallurgical Transactions B, 18B:1, 119-130, March, 1987.

Thomas, B. G., J. K. Brimacombe, and I. V. Samarasekera, "The Formation of Panel Cracks in Steel Ingots, A State of the Art Review, II--Mid-Face and Off-Corner Cracks," Transactions of the Iron and Steel Society, 7, 21-29, 1986.

Thomas, B. G., J. K. Brimacombe, and I. V. Samarasekera, "The Formation of Panel Cracks in Steel Ingots, A State of the Art Review, I--Hot Ductility of Steel," Transactions of the Iron and Steel Society, 7, 7-20, 1986.

Thomas, B. G., I. V. Samarasekera, and J. K. Brimacombe, "Comparison of Numerical Modeling Techniques for Complex, Two-Dimensional, Transient Heat Conduction Problems," Metallurgical Transactions Bs, 15B:2, 307-318, 1984.